What is the Right Treatment for Periodontitis?

Once you’ve been diagnosed with gum disease, the periodontist will determine what the ideal treatment for you is depending on how advanced the disease is. There are two main treatment options:

Non-surgical: If gum disease is diagnosed early on, then this is the treatment that will work for you. It involves deep cleaning of the areas where your toothbrush can’t reach and where calculus has been deposited. This procedure is called scaling and root planing and helps remove the germs that led to the disease.

Your periodontist could also prescribe you medications in addition to the cleaning method applied, but currently there are studies being conducted to see if they have long-term effects.

Surgical: Flap surgery or pocket depth reduction will be necessary if the tissues and bones are severely damaged. The goal is to remove tartar formed in the deep pockets and reduce the pockets. Another procedure is applying tissue grafts, which means replacing the destroyed gum tissue.
Please remember that left untreated, periodontal disease may seriously affect your mouth’s health as well as your overall health. Periodontics is just another area in which we are specialized so don’t hesitate to seek treatment at the earliest sign by giving us a call.

How to prevent Gum Disease?

The easiest way to prevent developing periodontitis is proper flossing and brushing – this means at least two times a day for at least two minutes. Taking care of your oral hygiene is a simple but essential step to ensure the health of your gums and teeth. Also, don’t forget that regular dentist visits will keep any issue under control.

What causes Periodontitis?

It starts with bacteria that is deposited on the teeth in the form of plaque. If there is not proper flossing and brushing, the plaque will eventually turn into calculus, commonly referred to as tartar. This will cause the gums to swell and the inflammation will lead to spaces between gums and teeth called “pockets” that can lead to teeth loosening. Data shows that gum disease is a leading cause of tooth loss.

The milder form of periodontitis is gingivitis. At this stage, the gums are swollen and can bleed easily but they can heal with proper flossing and brushing. No extended treatment will be required. Taking better care of your oral hygiene will reverse the issue and keep you away from potential complications. If left untreated, gingivitis will lead to more severe gum problems like periodontitis or advanced periodontitis.

Here are some other factors that may influence the disease and increase the risk of developing it or treating it:

  • Smoking: People who smoke tend to collect more bacteria so if you’re a smoker, then the chances for you to develop gum disease are pretty high;
  • Clenching and Grinding: these habits place more stress on the supporting bone and gums around the teeth, leading to recession and bone loss;
  • Genetics: You can be more prone to developing gum disease due to your genes;
  • Hormones: Puberty, pregnancy, or menopause may affect women’s gums;
  • Certain conditions: People suffering from other diseases such as diabetes or inflammatory conditions are more likely to have gum problems;
  • Medicine: There are certain medications such as antidepressants who affect the quantity of saliva produced which interferes with preventing plaque from sticking to teeth;
  • Stress: Because stress can lead to a weak immune system, you’ll be less protected against bacteria; also, once developed, periodontal disease will be harder to treat.

What is Periodontics?

Periodontics is a specialized field of dentistry that deals with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of periodontitis or gum disease. The term comes from Greek and roughly translates as “around the teeth” (peri – around, odontos – teeth) and refers to all the conditions that affect a tooth’s immediate surroundings.

A periodontist is an expert in diagnosing and treating this kind of dental condition; they are required to study for three additional years apart from general dentistry.

Studies reveal that approximately 80% of Americans are dealing with some form of gum disease. This may sound alarming, but the truth is most people tend to ignore bleeding or swelling gums. It is important to acknowledge that consulting with a periodontist or a dentist about this problem may prevent more severe consequences.